Union General George B. McClellan’s steady advance up the James Peninsula threatened the Confederate capital of Richmond, and a Union victory here had the potential of ending the war. Years of bureaucratic ineptitude and red tape left the Navy in poor condition. Battle of Hampton Roads At daybreak on the 9th, Virginia emerged once more from behind Sewell’s Point to complete her reduction of the Federal fleet at Hampton Roads. Though her crew was exhausted and their ship untested, the Monitor was also preparing for action. The value of existing ships of the line and frigates was heavily discounted in popular and professional opinion. As the Confederates began to take off her crew, several men on both sides were hit by gunfire from ashore, among them the Virginia's Commanding Officer, Captain Franklin Buchanan, who ordered Congress set afire with hot shot. We are a Christian high school football team made up of homeschooled and private schooled young men, ages 13-18 from the Virginia Peninsula, and Southside Hampton Roads. Hampton Roads Significance. In addition, a torpedo (mine) field was laid on the eastern side of the channel to force attackers closer to Fort Morgan. FCA’s purpose, at its absolute core, is to combine people’s passion for sports with their passion for Christ, and teach them that those two worlds don’t have to be separate. Confederate gunners put several raking shells into the frigate's hull, and maintained a relentless fire as they came alongside. Soon after noon, Virginia gunners concentrated their fire on Monitor's pilothouse, a small iron blockhouse near her bow. The Battle of Hampton Roads Timeline. Lt. John Worden commandeered the USS Monitor to deflect any offensive the Merrimack, now renamed CSS Virginia, directed toward them. The importance of the area, where the James, Nansemond and Elizabeth Rivers flow into the Chesapeake Bay, was instantly realized by both warring parties. The com… Ordinarily, the ship would have been led by a captain of the Confederate States Navy, to be determined by the rigid seniority system that was in place. After an hour's battle, in which Congress' crew suffered heavy casualties, she raised the white flag of surrender. When the Civil War erupted, Roanoke captured several blockade runners and fought during the March 1862 Battle of Hampton Roads.Noting how the Confederates had transformed Merrimack into the ironclad CSS … On April 27, after Virginia and North Carolina had also passed ordinances of secession, the blockade was extended to include their ports also. Manning them were about 9,000 officers and men, which were trained in the art of defending a harbor or ship-to-ship fights at sea, but not for the war that was just weeks away. The status of the United States Navy in January 1861 was woeful. The ships fired at each other for four hours, during which time Worden was wounded … Virginia would thus contribute importantly to the Confederacy's military, and perhaps diplomatic, fortunes. The Confederate ironclad CSS Virginia tried to break the Union navy blockade of Hampton Roads. On March 8, 1862 the CSS Virginia was commandeered by Flag Officer Franklin Buchanan to take on the USS Cumberland off the coast of Newport News, Virginia. As Virginia crossed the Roads, looking (as one witness described her) "like the roof of a very big barn belching forth smoke as from a chimney on fire", the Union ships called their crews to quarters and prepared for action. The Generals are a Fellowship of Christian Athletes Team. : Battle of Hampton Roads has been listed as one of the Warfare good articles under the good article criteria.If you can improve it further, please do so. ... First Battle of Bull Run. Quarstein, John V. (2000). TRUE OR FALSE: The Monitor defeated the Merrimac at Hampton Roads in the war's first naval battle. March 6, 1862. With Bankhead's arrival, a new logbook was started. Details. Early on March 8, Buchanan sent Virginia into Hampton Roads with the intention of mounting an immediate attack. Undeterred, Virginia steamed out into Hampton Roads. On March 9, 1862, one of the most famous naval battles in American history occurred as two ironclads, the U.S.S.Monitor and the C.S.S. Lieutenant Catesby ap Roger Jones had directed much of the conversion of Merrimack to Virginia, and he was disappointed when he was not named her captain. The first battle between ironclad warships had ended in stalemate, a situation that lasted until Virginia's self-destruction two months later. Virginia. Ironclads battle at Hampton Roads, Virginia . As it were… Her casualties, less than two-dozen, were removed and command passed from the injured Buchanan to Lieutenant Catesby ap R. Jones, who would take Virginia out the next day to deal with the Minnesota. First major battle of war. Cannon shots rang out for endless hours and those present on surrounding shores witnessed history when, for the first time, two ironclad ships entered into battle. It is the most famous naval battle of the American Civil War, pitting the nation’s first ironclad ships against each other. FOR future reference we publish on this page a picture of the BATTLE OF HAMPTON ROADS between the Monitor and the Merrimac, from a sketch made at the time by Sergeant Worret, of the Topographical Engineers.This sketch was taken at the time the fight was going on, and is accurate in every particular. Come play football in a safe and Christian environment. Secretary Mallory wanted the aggressive Franklin Buchanan, but at least two … The Battle of Hampton Roads was a naval battle of the American Civil War.It was fought on March 8 and 9, 1862 near Hampton Roads, Virginia.It was an important battle because it was the first combat between ironclad warships.. He assumed command of CSS Virginia during the Battle of Hampton Roads and engaged USS Monitor in the historic first battle of … The Battle of Hampton Roads was one of history's greatest naval engagements. However, as they surveyed the opposite side of Hampton Roads, where the Minnesota and other potential victims awaited their fate, the Confederates realized that things were not going to be so simple. All Rights Reserved. Battle of the Monitor and Merrimack, naval engagement during the American Civil War on March 9, 1862, at Hampton Roads, Virginia, a harbor at the mouth of the James River, notable as history’s first duel between ironclad warships and the beginning of a new era of naval warfare. North. Even before the extension, local troops seized the Norfolk area and threatened the Gosport Navy Yard in Portsmouth. False TRUE OR FALSE: General George McClellan was Lincoln's Democratic opponent in … Draw. At dawn on 9 March 1862, CSS Virginia prepared for renewed combat. Ammunition supply problems required her to temporarily pull away into shallower water, where the deep-drafted Virginia could not follow, but she always covered the Minnesota. Battle of Hampton Roads A decade ago naval warfare changed forever in the two-day Battle of Hampton Roads between the Elizabeth and James River. Ironclad construction programs, already underway in America and Europe, accelerated. Duel of Iron details the battle of Hampton Roads fought on March 8 th and 9 th, 1862. C.S.S. While names such as Gettysburg, Antietam, and Shiloh are familiar to many students of American history, most Americans would likely be unable to name a single naval battle from the American Civil War. John Pine Bankhead, a career navy man from South Carolina and a cousin to Confederate General John Bankhead Magruder, would be their new commander. Today, she expected to inflict a similar fate on the grounded steam frigate Minnesota and other enemy ships, probably freeing the lower Chesapeake Bay region of Union seapower and the land forces it supported. The ship was joined en route by five more ships. Virginia fought to a draw off Hampton Roads, Virginia. Monitor positioned herself to protect the immobile Minnesota, and a general battle began. A shell hit there blinded Lieutenant John L. Worden, the Union ship's Commanding Officer, forcing another withdrawal until he could be relieved at the conn. By the time she was ready to return to the fight, Virginia had turned away toward Norfolk. Both ships hammered away at each other with heavy cannon, and tried to run down and hopefully disable the other, but their iron-armored sides prevented vital damage. She blazed into the night, exploding as the fire reached her powder magazines about two hours after midnight. Minnesota and Roanoke, of the same type as the pre-war Merrimack, had auxiliary steam propulsion, but the other three were propelled by sails alone, and thus were at the mercy of wind conditions and the availability of tugs. Off Sewell’s Point, near the mouth of Hampton Roads, Virginia. Virginia's smokestack was shot away, further reducing her already modest mobility, and Monitor's technological teething troubles hindered the effectiveness of her two eleven-inch guns, the Navy's most powerful weapons. He would try to capture the capital of the confederacy, Richmond. The Battle of Hampton Roads was fought over the two day period spanning March 8-9, 1862 in Hampton Roads. At mid-day on 8 March 1862, CSS Virginia (formerly USS Merrimack, and persistently mid-identified by that name or as "Merrimac") steamed down the Elizabeth River from Norfolk and entered Hampton Roads. The Battle of Hampton Roads was short and contrary to its name, not on any road at all. As the combat between ironclads was the primary significance of the battle, the general verdict is that the overall result was a draw.All would acknowledge that the Southern fleet inflicted far more dama… ISBN 0-8232-2481-3. Turning west, the Confederate ironclad shrugged off steady fire from ships and shore batteries as she steamed past the Congress. Contributors. It is highly recommended. The Battle of Hampton Roads was fought March 8-9, 1862, and was part of the American Civil War (1861-1865). Jones was retained aboard Virginia, but only as her executive officer. General Burnside takes Fredericksburg but experiences a disastrous defeat when attacking Confederate forces entrenched in the high ground above the town. Since the CSS Virginia already totally disabled the USS Cumberla… The battle lasted two days, with Franklin Buchanan commanding Virginia and John L. Worden captain of Monitor – although neither man was officially in overall command. On April 19, 1861, shortly after the outbreak of hostilities at Charleston Harbor, US President Abraham Lincoln proclaimed a blockade of ports in the seceded states. Hampton Roads Winner. In the words of one of Cumberland's enemies, "No ship was ever fought more gallantly.". Your email address will not be published. All were powerful conventional wooden men o'war. They agree that the result of the Monitor-Merrimack encounter was victory for neither. Hampton Roads General (North) U.S.S. It was a battle fought on water by ironclad ships of war. The Confederate chain of command was anomalous. Monitor positioned herself to protect the immobile Minnesota, and a general battle began. Sherman would move his combined armies against the Confederate Army of Tennessee led by General Joseph E. … The American Battlefield Trust's Battle of Hampton Roads page includes battle maps, history articles, historical facts, recommended books, web links, and more on this 1862 battle of Civil War ironclads in Virginia. One of the most famous naval battles of the conflict, the engagement is noteworthy as it marked the first time two armored, ironclad warships met in combat. THE FIGHT AT HAMPTON ROADS OF MARCH 9. Published: 2006-01-31. The previous day, she had utterly defeated two big Federal warships, Congress and Cumberland, destroying both and killing more than 240 of their crewmen. Come join the peninsula’s Hampton Roads Generals in their 11th season of ministering to high school Christian boys, ages 13-19, playing football for Christ. These naval forces were led by Admiral Franklin Buchanan who had commanded CSS Virginia (10) during the Battle of Hampton Roads. Water battle with first two iron ships (ironclads) fighting each other. Both ships hammered away at each other with heavy cannon, and tried to run down and hopefully disable the other, but … However, the outcome of combat between armored equals, compared with the previous day's terrible mis-match, symbolized the triumph of industrial age warfare. Though two of her guns had their muzzles shot off and most external fittings were swept away or rendered useless, she had dramatically demonstrated the horrible vulnerability of unarmored wooden warships when confronted with a hostile ironclad, and was still battleworthy. Over the course of two days in March 1862, this Civil War conflict decided the fate of all the world's navies. Virginia had meanwhile made a brief demonstration in the direction of the big steam frigate Minnesota, which had also gone aground. The victory claims that were made by each side in the immediate aftermath of the Battle of Hampton Roads, based as both were on misinterpretations of the opponent's behavior, have been dismissed by present-day historians. Undeterred, Virginia steamed out into Hampton Roads. Hampton Roads General (South) C.S.S. Hampton Roads Generals High school football team registration, New Player discount! However, with the day's light about to fade, the ironclad turned back toward the southern side of Hampton Roads and anchored. Virginia backed clear, tearing off most of her iron ram, and slowly turned toward the Congress, which had gone aground while trying to get underway. Colloquium on Contemporary History 1989-1998, DANFS - Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships, Needs and Opportunities in the Modern History of the U.S. Navy, Permitting Policy and Resource Management, "Ex Scientia Tridens": The U.S. Firing her heavy cannon into both ships, she pushed her ram into Cumberland's starboard side. Monitor. With the threat from the Virginia neutralized, Union blockade operations from Hampton Roads were restored and Maj. Gen. George B. McClellan was free to advance his Army of the Potomac up the Virginia peninsula toward Richmond. Naval Academy, The Sullivan Brothers and the Assignment of Family Members, The African American Experience in the U.S. Navy, Asian Americans and Pacific Islanders in the U.S. Navy, Contributions of American Indians to the U.S. Navy, Naval Service of Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender Personnel, The World Cruise of the Great White Fleet, Navy Underwater Archaeology Return Program, Annual Navy History and Heritage Awards - Main, Research Permits for Sunken & Terrestrial Military Craft, Scanning, Copyright & Citation Information, Obtain Duplications of Records and Photos. | Terms of Use | Privacy Policy | Contact Us | Sitemap. Battle Of Hampton Roads summary: The Battle of Hampton Roads, aka the Battle of the Ironclads (Monitor and Merrimack), was fought March 8-9, 1862 near Hampton Roads, Virginia. Anchored on the opposite side of Hampton Roads were five major Union warships: the frigate Congress and large sloop of war Cumberland off Newport News, and the frigates St. Lawrence, Minnesota and Roanoke a few miles to the east, off Fortress Monroe. ISBN-13 9780823224814. Yet, naval actions played a very important role in the Civil War. Library of Congress. On March 9, 1862, when the CSS Virginia returned to Hampton Roads to attack the union navy, Worden led the Monitor in battle, forcing the first battle between iron warships in history. The USS Roanoke was a Merrimack-class steam screw frigate built at the Gosport Navy Yard.The frigate was commissioned in 1857 and became the flagship of the Home Squadron. Battle of Hampton Roads is a former featured article.Please see the links under Article milestones below for its original nomination page (for older articles, check the nomination archive) and why it was removed. Grant would personally lead the Army of the Potomac against Confederate general Robert E. Lee and his Army of Northern Virginia. - —Civil War News. Union and Confederate gunboats clashed on America's rivers, and Union ships blockaded the Southern coast for several years during the war, forcing the Confederac… The Battle of Hampton Roads will be of greata interest to Civil War naval buffs, but its interesting, well-written essays will also find admirers among the general ranks of Civil War enthusiasts. The Battle of Hampton Roads: New Perspectives on the USS Monitor and CSS Virginia. The old logbook was sent to the Navy Department. New York: Fordham University Press. The fleet consisted of 90 warships; of these, 48 ships were out of commission, and the rest, or in reality the ones able to make steam or sail, were showing the flag in foreign seas. The resulting armored warship competition would continue into the 1940s, some eight decades in the future. The stricken ship began to sink, though her gun crews kept up a heavy fire as she went down. There, looking small and low near the lofty frigate, was a vessel that could only be USS Monitor, the Union Navy's own ironclad, which had arrived the previous evening after a perilous voyage from New York. Virginia, Mistress of Hampton Roads, self-published for the Virginia Civil War Battles and Leaders Series by H. E. Howard, Inc. ISBN 1-56190-118-0; Roberts, William H. (2006). The Battle of Hampton Roads Hampton Roads was a peaceful waterway cross-roads prior to the start of the Civil War. Last gunpowder shipment arrives for the CSS Virginia ... Major General George Brinton McClellan meets with President Abraham Lincoln to discuss operations of the Army of the Potomac. It was the newly converted ironclad's trial trip, a short voyage that would deeply influence naval opinion at home and abroad. 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